Vedic Math is an ancient system of mathematics which was rediscovered by Sri Bharati Krsna Tirthaji in the last century. It has been derived from the Sanskrit word, “Veda”, which means knowledge. Bharati Krsna was born in 1884 and died in 1960. He was a brilliant student, having achieved the highest honours in all the subjects he studied, including Sanskrit, Philosophy, English, Mathematics, History and Science. Bharati reconstructed the ancient system of mathematics between 1911 and 1918, which we now call Vedic Math.
The system that has been rediscovered by Bharati Krsna is based on sixteen formulae (or Sutras) and some sub-formulae (sub-Sutras). These Sutras are laid in word form, for example Vertically and Crosswise and By One More than the One Before. These Sutras can be related to natural mental functions such as completing a whole, noticing analogies, making generalizations and so on. Many of the Vedic methods are simple yet striking. They are also beautifully interlinked so that division, for example, can be seen as an easy reversal of the simple multiplication method and the same with squaring and square roots. The Vedic methods are quite different from the conventional methods, and to gain excellence in this system requires practicing of the techniques on a regular basis.
When you are doing Vedic math, you are actually using both the sides of the brain, i.e. left and the right side, hence keeping you mentally agile even when you grow old. It can benefit students studying in lower grades as well as those studying in the universities. This is possible because Sutras (word formulas) of Vedic Math are unknown to both, and since it is simple, both of them (with a big age gap) can learn it together.